Yes, you can turn an image into a vector by using a vector editor.
To turn a logo into a vector in Illustrator, follow these steps:
In the File menu, click on the “Create a new document” button.
Enter the name of your logo into the “Name” field and click on the “Create” button.
On the “Document Type” tab, select “Vector”.
In the “File Format” field, select “AI Illustrator”.
Yes, vectorization can be done without Illustrator. However, it is more difficult and may take longer.